Senegal was actively engaged in the PARM process from April 2015 to 2019. The joint process led to the creation of knowledge, development of capacities and investment proposal on ARM tools and policy dialogue to facilitate the integration of ARM into policy.
Parm Phases Status
Senegal is an agro-exporting country seeking to modernise its agricultural sector through a range of financing and commodity marketing programmes. However, efforts to achieve this objective have not yielded the expected results because of the diversity of risk affecting agricultural production and marketing activities at the micro and macro levels. Through the PARM Process, the Government of Senegal and key stakeholders have i) assessed and prioritized agricultural risks; ii) identified the right tools to manage agricultural risks; iii) developed capacities on ARM; and iv) mainstreamed ARM into policy.
Results from the PARM RAS 2016 revealed three key risks – erratic rainfall, animal diseases and illicit fisheries – for priority attention in the livestock and fisheries sub-sectors. The assessment made it possible for stakeholders to have a complete country risk profile on their table as it complemented the World Bank RAS 2015 to give a full picture of the entire agricultural sector risks.
The consultations led by PARM enabled stakeholders to understand the risk situation in Senegal and identify three robust ARM tools – access to information, strengthened remittances and integration of ARM capacity development into extension services – for investment. PARM conducted a feasibility analysis to confirm the viability of the first two tools. The analysis for the third tool is currently underway.
So far, PARM has partnered with the government agencies, local universities and international experts to deliver 4 capacity development events that reached out to about 120 stakeholders, including farmers, government officials and students. Through these CD events, Senegal has created a pool of knowledge and the expertise to deliver advisory services on ARM.
In the initial PARM missions, MoA fully expressed commitment to integrating PARM outcomes into the national agenda, especially the PRACAS plan. At the moment, PARM is working on a feasibility analysis into ARM capacities in Senegal. The outcome of the analysis is expected to provide a strong case for PARM and its country partners to design a comprehensive capacity development strategy for the extension services.
PARM Participates in World Bank ARM Workshop
PARM participated in the World Bank’s Consultative Stakeholders’ Workshop in Senegal held on the 12 March 2015 to explore the potential synergies with the on-going ARM initiatives. The Platform also presented its set-up mission in Senegal.
Setting-up Mission & Inception Workshop
Later in April 2015, PARM-NEPAD organized a one-day inception workshop to identify synergies in the World Bank Agricultural Sector Risk Assessment (ASRA) for Senegal. This mission was fulfilling as the MoA expressed commitment to integrate PARM’s activities into the national agenda, especially the PRACAS. As such, a multi-sector pool of experts was formed to identify possible gaps in the World Bank assessment which could be followed-up through the PARM Process.
Official Expression of Interest & PARM Roadmap Development
By April-May 2015, PARM received an official letter from the Government of Senegal fully confirming the country’s interest to participate in the PARM Process. Thereafter, a roadmap was developed by the Government in collaboration with the CAADP Focal Point.
Terms of Reference for Risk Assessment Study (RAS)
Experts consultations confirmed the need for an assessment on the livestock and fisheries sub-sectors to complement the existing World Bank ASRA. In February 2016, PARM developed a ToR and launch a call for proposal.
Capacity Development (CD1) Seminar & Technical Meeting on the Information Systems Study
In March 2016, PARM organised a CD1 that attracted key stakeholders from the government, research institutions, and farmers‘ organizations. The training contributed to enhancing participants’ understanding of the holistic approach to agricultural risk, the key concepts, the risk assessment methods and risk management tools in Senegal
A technical meeting was also organized to discuss the study on Information Systems for Agricultural Risk Management in Senegal and 6 other African countries.
Risk Assessment Validation Workshop
The PARM RAS for Senegal was conducted from April-June 2016. By late June 2016, PARM and its country partners organized a National Stakeholders’ Workshop to present the preliminary findings of the RAS, confirm the priority risks, seek inputs for revision and discuss the potential ARM tools.
After the final revision, the full report was validated by the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries and PARM published it in October 2016.
Capacity Development (CD2) on ARM
In March 2017, PARM met four Senegalese universities to discuss interests and capacity to develop and deliver a 5-day training course CD2 on ARM mainly, but not exclusively for extension service personnel. The universities are UCAD (Universite Cheikh Anta Diop), Universite de Thies, ENSA (Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Agriculture), USSEIN (Universite Du Sine Saloum El-Hadj Ibrahima Niass) and Université Gaston Berger (UGB).
By April 2017, a call for proposal was launched and UCAD was selected to deliver the pilot training course. The course was successfully delivered on 9-13th October 2017.
Feasibility Studies on Remittances and Access to Information
During the discussion in the RAS validation workshop, stakeholders’ identified three potential ARM tools – access to information, remittances/rural finance, and capacity development – for consideration.
After developing a term of reference and launching a call for proposal for the feasibility studies into these two ARM tools, PARM and its country partners selected two institutions for the studies: CIRAD (access to information) and RMDA (remittances). These studies were conducted over a period of 3-6 months in 2017.
High-level Policy Dissemination Workshop
PARM and the country partners organised a high-level dissemination workshop in July 2017 to present the results of the two feasibility studies, discuss the entry points for mainstreaming the ARM tools and dialogue on potential investment options within the Government agencies, the private sector, donors and smallholder groups.
Stakeholders also used this opportunity to discussions potential modalities and target groups for the upcoming CD3 training on the ARM tools.
Capacity Development (CD3) on Remittance and Access to Information
PARM organised two separate CD3 training activities at the MAER premises. The training was held on the 16th and 17th October 2017 and delivered by PARM consultants who conducted the feasibility studies on Access to Information (CIRAD) and Remittances (RMDA). Each training included participants from MAER Technical Committee and private/NGO sector.
Feasibility Study on Capacity Development
In order to sustain and strengthen the CD activities implemented in Senegal, PARM is worked closely with the MAER to recruit a local consultant to conduct a feasibility study with an investment plan to facilitate the institutionalization of the CD activities into the universities and extension service programs. The consultant collaborated with the technical committee of the MAER to finalize this feasibility from May 2018 to mid-2019.
Action Plan for Capacity Development Investment
Following the feasibility studies and the subsequent policy dissemination workshop, PARM and its partners developed an action plan to integrate capacity development on remittances and access to information into universities and extension services. This action plan includes a strategy, business plan, budget and resources to train a number of extension workers to deliver advisory services to farmers. It is a useful guidance document for government, service providers and other stakeholders looking to strengthen capacity to deliver innovative risk management solutions to farmers.
Country Final Reports
The overall PARM process led to a number of achievements, in terms of bringing ARM to the core of development and agricultural policies, assessing risks for evidence to improve risk perception, strengthening capacities and enhancing partnerships on ARM, investing in priority tools for better agricultural risk management, and engaging with the Government, local institutions and development partners.
All these achievements and the progress made towards mainstreaming ARM components into the National Investment Plan, the Program of Acceleration of the Rate of Senegalese Agriculture (PRACAS), and other related policies are documented in the final country report for Senegal.